Software Development: The What, Why and How of Software

Software Development_ The What, Why and How of Software

In the current digital age, software development pervades all essential elements of our lives. Individuals, entrepreneurs, and large corporations all rely on different types of software (directly or indirectly) to do their everyday activities.

Business software development is experiencing faster growth than any other IT business. After the COVID19 pandemic, software development is expected to outperform.

Digital transformation goals have risen in importance for 63% of those polled by ASG, with primary emphasis on business automation (61.6%) and the necessity for investment in producing contactless services (60.1%) — all of which require software development at its core.

Modern software development advancements warrant robust business innovation quickly — and at a lesser cost than in the past. For instance, the advent of software development meant easy access to cloud files and therefore leveraging the cloud rather than purchasing PCs.

In addition, crowdfunding will be used. This means that the software development process will be more innovative and will stay in demand in the coming years. But, before we go any farther, let’s go through the fundamentals.

What is Software Development?

The software development process is where developers create code as the primary activity to design its interface that performs a certain function.

Before creating any code, the development process comprises ideas and design. It’s easy to miss the planning.

It doesn’t feel like you’re creating software by simply writing codes. Therefore, it is important to answer certain important questions early on. Such an approach can improve the final output.

For instance, it is better to ask

  • Is it worth pursuing the project?
  • If that’s the case, what’s the best approach to go about doing it?
  • What qualities are required, and which ones are only desirable?

Having responses to these questions can improve the chances of a project’s success. While stages of any development are similar, the way they are implemented differs.

This is because software development is a relatively new field as it has been available only since the late 1940s. And that too, the commonly used agile methodology has barely been around for 20 years.

Therefore, it is best to know what agile methodology is in software development before proceeding further, as it is one of the most significant developments in software development.

Software Development Life Cycle

The Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC) is abbreviated as SDLC. Software Development Process is another name for it. The SDLC life cycle is a set of tasks that must be completed at each stage of the software development process.

Software companies employ SDLC as a standard approach to build high-quality software applications for startups to enterprises. The primary goal of the SDLC is to deliver high-quality software that matches business needs and customer expectations while staying on schedule and under budget.

ISO/IEC/IEEE 12207 is the worldwide standard in software engineering for the software life cycle process. In software development, these standards and life cycles are extremely important.

Why is the Software Development Life Cycle Important?

Defining and following the steps of a software development life cycle improves the final software product’s quality while lowering the time and expenses required to produce and deliver it.

  • Increasing the level of monitoring and control available to management during the software development process.
  • Ensure enhanced documentation throughout the software development life cycle.
  • All stakeholders should agree upon the purpose of software development with a clear path to that goal.
  • At the most suitable and effective stage of the software development process, all stakeholders can contribute their feedback.
  • Developers know exactly what they should develop and why they should do it.
  • All stakeholders know and agree with the resource allocation needed to achieve the software development project’s aim.

Software Development Methodologies

Effective project management is a must and for that, software development businesses and software developers use SDLC models in their software development process.

Software developers adopt a certain SDLC model based on the project needs and stick to it throughout the software development life cycle.

Each software development approach (SDLC Model) has its own set of advantages and disadvantages, wherein each SDLC Model serves a distinct purpose.

The following are some of the most common software development approaches and frameworks:

  • Waterfall
  • DevOps
  • Scrum
  • Lean
  • GitOps
  • Agile
  • Kanban

How to Start Software Development?

We all know how software developers use app development tools to write particular code. But, coding is merely part of the software development process.

The software industry’s complete development cycle comprises more than software development jobs as it needs creativity, research, coding, documenting, testing, debugging, deployment, and upgrading.

SDLC is used in the software industry because it aids in producing high-quality software that meets customer expectations and speedy application development that meets deadlines and budgets.

Before starting software development, you would need an expert team that can materialize your project.

Hire on-demand dedicated developers of desired skill & experience.

Software Development Process

Every stage of the development life cycle produces a product required by the following stage. Requirements are used to develop the product’s layout. The design dictates how the code is written. The development process begins here. Testing verifies that the result of the development stage is what was intended and determines whether it does so.

Agile Software Development

Analyze Requirements with Planning

Planning is the first step toward achieving software development targets. This involves running a requirement analysis for a project as a project manager. Also, this step needs software development specialists to keep in mind key software development metrics for your project.

Determine whether the software build aligns with corporate or personal objectives which help identify the needs of the software development kit. This works as requirements analysis.

The goal of each stage of software is to make chores simpler for the other stage. As a result, it is best to choose which tasks need priority and how to improve those to ensure smoother steps further, including the software development budget.

Designing and Prototyping

After completing the analysis and planning stages, it’s time to start designing the product’s software architecture. The whole software development process will be defined by this architecture or design.

In the case of software, design encompasses not just the aesthetics of the product but also its general functionality and user experience.

Communicating business expectations to software designers as they create intuitive software UI is necessary. This is also helpful in determining the control users will have on the overall software application/product.

The designers will construct simple wireframes to showcase these interactions using Adobe and InVision.

Software Development

When planning and design align with overall goals, managers may leverage project management tools to streamline the process of software development.

The development team starts by writing the necessary code for the software.

These days, software development involves multiple methods depending on the software required.

Thorough Testing

This is a continuous software development method, with testing occurring concurrently with development. Testing ensures the product’s functionality, usability, and stability during the quick development process.

A group of quality assurance QA testers works on it. This group thoroughly examines every line of code written by the software development team.

This is done manually and using automated methods as a part of the software development making process to determine whether there are any flaws or glitches.

Also, at this stage, one can modify or update bugs for the existing code. One must ensure that the finished product operates properly on any devices and has all of the specified features and functions.


This is a vital step in the software development life cycle after designing, coding, and testing. The team deploys programs to the appropriate servers and devices in this software development phase. This is only done when the project manager confirms the product’s functioning and the product stability has been shown.

The product is frequently given an Alpha release. A limited number of people utilize the product and provide feedback. After reviewing the input, changes to the programme are made and subsequently released as a beta version.

Maintenance and Updates

Software development is a cycle, as previously stated. It is a software development technique that is iterative. The procedure does not end when the product is launched. Here, the development team maintains track of software changes and upgrades it regularly. You must constantly monitor software development and make modifications as needed.

This is done because technology is always changing, and software products must be updated to stay up with these developments. As time goes on, multiple things can be demanded from the users, thereby creating the need for more software developers’ jobs.

In addition, customer input is crucial in developing future upgrades for any software product. Finally, build software easily scalable for future scale-ups or scale-downs as trends and requirements change.

Programming Languages

Programming is done in a binary-based programming language that computers can comprehend. On the other hand, humans cannot understand these sequences of 1s and 0s. Programming languages function as translators, converting binary sequences of 1s and 0s into a human-readable format.

When software developers learn a programming language, they can write the organized sets of instructions that make up software. The computer then translates the programming language into binary strings that it can comprehend and follows the instructions.

Low and High-level Programming Languages

Low-level and high-level programming languages are the two types of programming languages. Low-level languages are more binary. This makes them more difficult to understand and write for people but easy for computers.

A software developer who codes in a low-level language can provide a laptop with more specific instructions that can be interpreted and executed faster than if the instructions were written in a high-level language that is more abstracted from binary.

High-level languages employ more vocabulary than we use in human-to-human conversation, such as object, class, request, run, and so on, making them easier to learn for humans.

The time gap between converting low and high-level languages into binary has decreased to milliseconds as computers have become more powerful. As a result, high-level languages are employed in most current software products without affecting performance much.

Frameworks and Libraries

Frameworks and libraries are reusable chunks of code created in a certain programming language, such as JavaScript. They are intended to make the software development process more efficient by letting software be constructed from reusable components rather than starting from scratch each time.

Although the framework and library of the phrase are sometimes used interchangeably, there is a distinction between the two, with libraries providing more freedom. A framework is more akin to putting together a modular home. Some architectural plans and design options are available to you, but they are restricted.

In technical terms, the distinction between a library and a framework is termed inversion of control. When software developers use a library, they have complete control over the application’s flow, including when and where the library is used.

Some of the highly used software development frameworks and libraries include:

  • NodeJs
  • Django
  • AngularJs
  • React
  • .NET Core

Software Development Tools + KIT (SDK)

Software developers employ a wide range of software development tools, in addition to frameworks and libraries, to make their jobs simpler. Tools are used in the software development process to aid in software support creation, debugging, maintenance, and other aspects.

Some of the common software development tools include

  • Integrated Development Environments (IDEs), a collection of tools
  • Git for version control
  • Selenium and Cucumber for integrated testing
  • Stack Overflow, an online community of developers where knowledge and resources are shared
  • Jenkins, and many others.

Docker, the containerisation platform, and Kubernetes, the container orchestration platform, are both software development technologies used in cloud-native development.

A software development kit (SDK) is a toolkit that includes a compiler, debugger, often a framework, and other tools in a single installable package. SDKs are often created to aid software development for a certain hardware platform and operating system combination.

The iOS SDK, for example, is meant to assist developers in creating iPhone and iPad apps, while AWS offers SDKs that provide language-specific APIs for AWS services.

Software Development Team Roles

A single full-stack developer with back-end and front-end knowledge can build a tiny app from start to finish. On the other hand, most commercial software products are created by a multi-role software development team.

Some positions, such as Scrum Master, are exclusive to an Agile software development technique, while others are more universal. The number of specialists doing each function will vary depending on the nature and scale of the project. Not every development team will have the same set of roles, and the number of specialists performing each function will vary depending on the type and magnitude of the project.

Hire dedicated team for your next Software development project.

How to Become a Good Software Developer?

Technical knowledge and expertise are the two things that can make you a good software developer. Successful software engineers also acquire key behavioural traits and attitudes that set them apart from the competition.

The road to becoming a successful Software Developer may be different for everyone, but consistency is the key to getting some of the finest software development jobs.

How to Work with a Software Development Company?

There are some basic steps involved in working with a software development company as follows:

Know the Company

Every business has a unique narrative to tell. Start by conversing about each other’s businesses and the stories behind them. This will allow you to learn more about the firm and its people. Inquire about their typical software development strategy to understand how they work.

Then start talking to them about your requirements. As previously stated, your potential software team must comprehend all of the features and functions and the entire user flow to ensure future development success.

Check out your Experience and Technical Knowledge

Practical experience, as we all know, displays competence. Knowledge about a certain sector or technology benefits the project as a whole. The software supplier does not need to solve or produce something similar to your problem. You’ll want to see if they’ve worked on projects similar to yours in terms of complexity.

Their experience will also assist you in assessing their skill set and technical knowledge. Employing a development team with experience with various industry verticals and software components is a good idea.

Level of Commitment

Business-to-business (B2B) is more about connections than business. Your development staff must follow through on their promises.

But how can you tell whether that’s the case before hiring them?

Request a list of references. Examine the testimonies on their website, as well as independent third-party sources.

The most reliable source of feedback is testimonials. Testimonials are the crucial things that can make or break a brand.

Communication is Key

Software development is an iterative process; you can’t have meaningful, healthy, and extensive talks if you don’t speak each other’s language properly. Get a development crew that knows and speaks good English and can communicate rationally and sensibly, rather than making hollow promises or nodding their head to everything.

What are Software Development Services?

Software development companies provide a plethora of services. Some of them are listed below;

Software Development Services

Software developers use their technological know-how and specific industry knowledge to create any form of web, mobile, desktop, or hybrid software to meet their clients’ business needs.

QA and Software Testing Services

The custom software service model includes comprehensive quality assurance, but they can also provide on-demand QA and a suite of functional and usability software tests upon request.

Software Maintenance Services

As your organization expands, application maintenance and modernisation services are designed to assure your whole software infrastructure’s scalability, performance, and long-term viability.

IT Services

Thorough threat audits assist us in identifying the most critical weaknesses in your software architecture, allowing us to incorporate the encryptions, security services, and access protocols you require.

From Where should you Learn Software Development?

Learning software development can be fun if one has access to the right resources, guidelines, and interactive sessions. Here are some of the key links that help get started with acquiring software development knowledge.

Software Development Courses

Software Development Communities

Software Development Blogs

Software Development Influencers to Follow

Software Development Resources

Code Repositories

Ready to Use Software Development Process Templates

Software Development Job Boards

Software Development Conferences

Future Scope of Software Development

Software development trends reveal that the ever-increasing volume and variety of new technology platforms rapidly create new software engineering roles.

If you are a professional wishing to take advantage of changes in the future of software engineering, you first need to acquire sophisticated computer science abilities and expertise.


The above information is a testament to the rising need for software development services that can boost business growth and bring in the necessary efficiency. Therefore, it is wise to consider working with a bespoke software development company.

With specialized software, such as an inventory system, you may automate the vital activities of your organization and achieve success.

Schedule a consultation call to discuss your software development requirements.

FAQs About Software Development

Yes, software engineering can be difficult to learn at first – especially for those who lack programming or coding skills, as well as any background or knowledge of technology – but numerous courses, tools, and other resources are available to assist people in learning to become Software Engineers.

Yes, especially if you value the flexibility of working from home, as many software professionals do.

Following are the famous software development languages:

Python, C, C++, JavaScript, PHP, Swift

The basics of software development includes a programming language such as C++ or Java, fundamental computer science concepts such as Data Structures, Algorithms, and Computer Network basics, critical tools such as Git, Docker, Kubernetes, and containers in general, cloud computing concepts and platforms such as AWS, GCP, and Microsoft Azure, and evergreen skills such as SQL and UNIX, editors such as Eclipse or Visual Studio Code, and text editors such as VIM and NotePad++, among others.

Please contact our team of Perception Systems if you have your project in mind or want to learn more about our services. Our professionals are always available to provide you with sound guidance.

While some people entering the digital profession have a history in software engineering or a relevant college degree, a rising number of people are beginning with no prior knowledge, enrolling in specialized training programmes or boot camps to improve their abilities and prepare for a new job.

If you’re considering pursuing a career in software development, the good news is that it can be a lot of fun for people who enjoy riddles, problem-solving, and technology.