Vidyut Joshi

Leader, Cloud Practitioner, Delivery & QA


5 Common Mistakes Made By Java Programmers


We bring to you five common mistakes that are committed by both new and experienced Java developers.

1. Capitalisation Errors

This mistake is the one of the most common ones committed by almost every fourth Java developer whether a beginner or a pro. And in majority of times, it really becomes difficult to understand that when and where this particular mistake was made as usually we do not notice the capitalisation errors.

These errors are especially common in long programs that contain long function names. If you find strange errors in case of a function, it is always suggested to check capitalization. There is a huge possibility that you might have forgot to use capitalisation or have used it at the wrong place.

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2. Comparing (.equals vs. = =)

It is a mistake that is more often done by beginners but we have even seen a few expert coders doing this. The reason is that many developers are not very comfortable coding in Java and thus ends up in making mistakes.

The == operator compares only two string object references, if the two references points to same object. On the other hand, the equals function compares the content of text that is present in String objects.

01 String string1 = ”Hello World!”;
02 String string2 = ”Hello World!”;
03 boolean doEqual = false;
05 if (string1 == string2) {
06 doEqual = true;
07 }
09 // vs.
11 if (string1.equals(string2)) {
12 doEqual = true;
13 }

Those two strings will not pass == operator and shows (doEqual = false). But the strings will pass .equals method and show (doEqual = true). The reason behind this is they are equal in value and also do not reference same object.

3. Array Index Out of Bounds

An index is used for accessing a particular element of Java array. Take for example, an array that contains five elements have indices zero to four.

If you use an index that is less than zero or more than four, it will result in Array Index Out of Bounds Exception. While you access a particular array, you should check the indices before you use them.

4. Integer Data Types

You will come across different integer data types in Java. If you end up in choosing the wrong one, it may lead to wasted memory. For an instance, the maximum value of 32-bit int type is 2,147,483,647.

So if you use an int for representing a person’s age, it does not make any sense. A smaller byte type is considered a better choice.

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5. Operator Precedence

It is essential to understand Java’s priority of operators. Otherwise, expressions like “10 * 2 + 4” might be misleading and ambiguous. And without a complete understanding, the program can give unexpected results.

Original Article Post by EFY times News

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