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Generally, online store owners do not keep the designers as well as developers within their team. Neither analysis person nor system administrator is available in a house if the website faces any technical issue.
These Magento store owners solve all the technical issues related to design, developing or testing independently. Magento owns nearly 22% of the eCommerce stores out of 1 lac websites. Owners also have to take care of the installation of the required modules and take care of the backups created.
When the store owner does not have any in house team of developers, they have the option to choose freelance developers to work for them and take care of the maintenance of the Magento store. Sometimes it may be difficult for those developers to communicate with you or at the time of their unavailability, it is the store owner who needs to take care of the Magento store.
So, technically there are certain things you need to keep in mind while establishing an eCommerce store. Keep the following technical tips in mind in order to take appropriate care of the Magento store.
1) Make Use of Hosting Services that Allows Access via SSH
SSH (Secure Shell) is a network protocol for operating network services over an unsecured network. It plays a vital role in providing secure channel over an unsecured network. SSH enable the access to the server by allowing the remote execution of the commands in the server.
With the help of SSH access, you can solve a lot of different tasks that are related to the technical maintenance of the Magento store. Moving ahead, there will be a list of new and exciting opportunities that can be helpful to you.
Being an online store owner, it is necessary that you should know that various shared hosting providers offer limited access to the SSH due to which you won’t be allowed certain basic operations. So, make sure that you haven’t used any such hosting services.
2) Make Use of GIT
GIT is basically a control system used in order to track changes in the computer files along with coordinating work on those file among multiple people. It plays a vital role in source code management and can be used to keep track of changes in any set of files.
For a Magento store owner, it is necessary to use GIT because this helps when it becomes difficult to deal with the errors. Many of us may save the history of changes in the source code in the backups. When there is some error in the code and that becomes difficult to deal with, you can reverse the situation and move towards the previous backup or can go to few of the previous backups as well.
So, basically for storing all the changes made to the source code, GIT is highly recommended. You may find it difficult at first, but once learned properly, using GIT is an easy task and it is the system that lets you make the backups smartly and appropriately.
3) Make Sure that No Changes are Made to the Files of Your Magento Core
Magento Core code is similar to the “It’s Still A Magic, Even If You Know How It’s Done” Even if the Magento store owner is a non-technical person, it is generally known that Magento code is quite complex and it will be extremely difficult to find a bug if it occurs on the Magento core and even more hard to fix the error. It is never recommended to make any changes to the Magento core code. There are reasons behind this widely known fact.
- There are chances that with the changes in the core codes, there can be some errors with the work of third party modules, which are run on the basis of core functionality.
- When there would be any update in Magento, all the core changes will be rewritten and it will increase the work of the developer as it needs a lot of reworking on the code.
Hence, it is the responsibility of the store owner to keep track that the developers and the third party module developers have not made any changes to the core code. With the help of GIT, it can be done. The store owner can execute the command git status to list the modified files.
4) Never Miss to Create Backups of Modified Third Party Files
Sometimes, in order to make the third party modules work as required, it is necessary to slightly modify it. And for this, there are various ways. For an instance, we can write our own module and rewrite the necessary classes. But, facing difficulties in the process, the developers edit one or the other third party files.
If you would like to update this modified module, you should create copies of the modified files and check that all the modified lines are commented.
Make sure that the copy you saved contains the additional extension Modify so that it is easy for you to identify at the time of updating. Hence, never forget to create a backup of the modified third party files.
5) Check if There are Any Additional Files in the Magento Root
Many times, you can find various unnecessary files into your Magento Root. These files are accumulated due to various reasons. Some may be different test files, or some may be found there in order to take backup or create log files to end up there. But these are very unsafe situations for your website, as at these times, hackers can easily scan your website and find out these files to end up your entire website.
Hence, it is necessary to avoid accommodation of additional files in your Magento Root. Only the files which are supplied in standard Magento package should be kept in the Magento Root directory.
So, Magento Store Owners, ready to face the challenges with these updated technical tips? These are the tips that you must implement on your eCommerce store in order to keep it safe.
The author is Harshal Shah, CEO and founder of Elsner Technologies, a professional Magento development Company & global IT consulting firm. He is a tech evangelist with a reputation to provide optimum solutions for business automation and solving real life problems with the power of IT.