When it comes to web accessibility, it is one such process that makes the features of your website accessible to people of all the abilities. It is nothing, but giving everyone an equal access and opportunities, so enabling all the people to access as many as possible features without any hassle.
There are lots of developers, who are taking this problem very gravely with the latent legal obligations to fulfill with the accessibility standards set by the W3C.
Today, lots of evaluation tools are obtainable on the web that makes testing the accessibility of your website a lot easier. Using these tools, users can easily mechanize the process of searching potential errors.
Well, we can say that the tools are generally a guide, but it is important to manually check the results whenever you get time. In this post, we have listed some essential tools and considerations to check web accessibility of your website. Before discussing some major tools, let’s have a look on some potential accessibility problems that are occurring on numerous websites.
Alt Text for Images
It is important that all the images must have alternate text that is placed in the alt attribute of the img tag. When using assistive technology, it is read-out by screen readers to blind users.
Images in Lieu of Text
Now-a-days, it is less problematic than before, but developers still sometimes are using images in place of text. While, it must be avoided as proper alt text must be provided if there is no other alternative.
You also need to make sure that your markup is ARIA acquiescent as it defines a complete set of attributes, which can be connected with elements to help assistive technologies interpret markup the right way. These are such attributes that can tell technologies like screen readers the real purpose of using those tags.
Proper HTML mark-up
We all know that CSS has become extremely popular; there is one inclination to get some style using CSS instead of custom HTML tags. A web developer always need to ensure that he use the built in tags accurately so that it becomes easy for assistive technologies to interpret the content of your web pages.
Sometime, it may be quite difficult for users to tab through a complete menu before going to the main content. So, it is must to provide the links to the main content or navigation at the top of the page.
Identify a Language
When it comes to specify the language that allows a screen reader to read out the text with accurate pronunciation, it sounds unimportant. One can easily specify a language with the lang attribute on the <html> element.
Tools for Improving the Accessibility of Your Site
IDI Web Accessibility Checker
IDE Web Accessibility checker is one such tool that developed by the University of Toronto. This is one such tool that known for offering basic checks that are mentioned above in this post. As like an HTML validator, one can offer a URL, upload an HTML file, or paste their markup directly. There are some common errors that are reported comprise missing alt text, color contrast errors, inputs without labels and more. One can easily enable the checks for validity of HTML and CSS in the settings.
Photosensitive Epileptic Analysis Tool
There are some users with epilepsy, who are prone to attacks if the flicker rate of a web page is high. When it comes to PEAT, it is Windows desktop tool that known for checking web pages for such vulnerabilities. This tool is a great in terms of features as it captures the screen whenever you use it and performs wonderfully some tests on the captured data in order to generate a report.
Web Accessibility Evaluation Tool (WAVE)
WebAIM’s WAVE is one of the best tools that can be used to enter the URL that you want to evaluate. Moreover, this tool gives you a visual overlay on the web page with any errors displayed in the sidebar. All the covers are color-coded so it will be easy for you to identify the errors (red), alerts (yellow) and more. To view the page without any style, it also has options as it includes a contrast checker.
Check My Colours
As we all know that it is essential to note that accessibility testing targets not only blind, but it also targets people with other visual disabilities such as color blindness, low visibility and more. Therefore, when designing a web page, brightness as well as contrast both are extremely important considerations. When it comes to a contrast ration of 4.5:1, it is desirable for textual content and 3:1 for headings.
Last, but not least is WAT-C that stands for Web Accessibility Tools Consortium. It is a great tool that offers a complete collection of free tools to assist both developers as well as designers in the development and testing of accessible web content. When it comes to consortium, it is collection of the well-known accessibility practitioners that founded by Accessible Information Solutions (Australia), Infoaxia (Japan), The Paciello Group (USA), Wrong HTML (Japan), and Juicy Studio
So, these are the some of the best web accessibility tools that can be used to evaluate your website. If you are new to use any of these tools, it is best for you to get in touch with a professional web developer, who can assist you with it.