Accessibility can mean a lot of things on the web. In actual means, it is development of sites for comprehensive many users. WordPress site accessibility is essential for different groups of people, including users with disabilities, mobile users, and search engine robots as well. There are many different ways to make your website more accessible. Some of them are as follow:
1st# Use Headings
Giving Heading is one of the essential for having an excellent semantic structure to your site. It helps your screen readers to explore your site properly. Normally, webmasters are only using a
<h1> tag for its main title. It is advisable to use
<h3>, etc. tags in your site’s page.
2nd# Add Accessible Plug-ins
The WP Accessibility plug-in is one of the most essential plug-ins that helps to enhance accessibility. The common accessibility features are added by this plug-ins to most of the themes and helps to improve the common accessibility issues at the same time. For example, it is also helpful for posting titles to ‘more’ links in order to make them more useful for people, who are using screen readers. There are many plug-INS available to enhance accessibility, check out list here.
3rd# Link Awareness
It’s advisable to make your link obvious, if it open anything other than a web page in the same browser. This could include anything whether it is a PDF icon for a PDF or an email icon for an email address. Such icon should have the image and the alt text. Also, make sure to use link’s title attribute for supplementary information.
4th# Consistent Layout and Structure
From the first day of the launch of site, the structure remains same. This means the header, nav bar and sidebar should be in the same location across the site. It helps enhance usability for every user along with accessibility.
5th# Keep the Underline
If you are underlining the text, it helps links to stand out from other text. Importantly, it helps those people, who are facing problem with color blind. With this, they can easily identify hyperlinked text.
6th# Focus On Link:
Focusing on link is must to grab user’s attention. It ensures that your highlighted have some sorts of focus. You can simply highlight the text with underlines, different colors or a different background color. It simplifies trouble of navigators, who are using your website.
Code that doesn’t validate creates problems for screen readers, who are facing difficulty with incorrect code. Use W3C HTML Validator and CSS Validator for validating your code.
8th# Endow with Transcriptions
If you want to enhance web accessibility, it is must to add transcriptions of video and audio in your website. In case, a screen reader unable to read video or audio file, alternatively, you can provide then the Media Access Generator to transcript any audio or video.
9th# Add captions
You can also use the Media Access Generator along with providing transcriptions.
10th# Use Proper HTML for Structuring Posts and Pages
We all know that an appropriate use of header and paragraph elements are relied in screen readers to deliver content in an understandable and prepared manner. These screen readers can get confused, if site-owner misuses it. In this case, it is must to use HTML elements for decoration instead of avoiding structure.
Apart from this, users should to pay attention to image metadata. If you are adding relevant and descriptive ALT information within images, it will help you reader to understand the content and context of images.
When it comes to WP accessibility, we have to concentrate theme. Some are best while other are better. So, it depends on site owner to meet accessibility standards. However, if you want to enhance your website accessibility, then above steps is the best one.